Shape memory materials (SMMs) are featured by the ability to recover their
original shape from a significant and seemingly plastic deformation when a
particular stimulus is applied. This is known as the shape memory effect (SME).
Superelasticity (in alloys) or visco-elasticity (in
polymers) are also commonly observed under certain conditions. The SME can be
utilized in many fields, from aerospace engineering (e.g., in deployable
structures and morphing wings) to medical devices.