Shape memory materials (SMMs) are featured by the ability to recover their
original shape from a significant and seemingly plastic deformation when a
particular stimulus is applied. This is known as the shape memory effect (SME).
Superelasticity (in alloys) or visco-elasticity (in polymers) are also commonly
observed under certain conditions. The SME can be utilized in many fields, from
aerospace engineering (e.g., in deployable structures and morphing wings) to